Heart of Darkness Lit Terms

archetype- 1the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are based. 2(In Jungian psychology) a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc. universally present in individual psyches.

dynamic character- a character who during the course of a work undergoes a permanent change in some distinguishing moral qualities or personal traits or outlook

flat character- one who has only one prominent trait such as greed or cruelty

round character- one who has many aspects to his or her personality

static character- one who is the same sort of person at the end of the work as at the beginning

stock character- a stereotypical character whose nature is familiar to us from prototypes in previous literature. ex: The wicked stepmother

image- a concrete representation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea

narrator- the voice and implied speaker of a literary work

omniscient point of view- the author tells the story using the third person, knowing all and free to tell the reader anything including what the characters are thinking or feeling and why they act as they do

third-person limited point of view- the author tells the story using 3rd person but is limited to a complete knowledge of one character in the story and tells us only what that one character thinks, feels, sees or hears

first person point of view- the story is told by one character, using the first person

objective (dramatic) point of view- the author tells the story using 3rd person but is limited to reporting what the characters say or do. The author does not interpret their behavior or tell us their private thoughts or feelings

anaphora- repetition of a term at the beginning of word groups occuring one after the other. Ex.: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of reason..."

apostrophe- the direct address of a person or personified thing, either present or absent

frame- a narrative structure that provides a settings and exposition for the main narrative in a novel

novella- fictional prose that is longer than a short story but shorter than a novel

chiasmus- two corresponding pairs arranged in a parallel inverse order (Ex: Never let a fool kiss you or a kiss fool you.)

bildungsroman- a type of novel concerned with the education, development, and maturing of a young protagonist

polysyndeton- the use of a number of conjunctions in close succession. Ex: I went to the store and the bank and the gas station and the dentist